Activating Feature in Web, SiteCollection, WebApplication Scopes using PowerShell in SharePoint 2013


Sathish Nadarajan
SharePoint MVP
Published On :   08 Jan 2015
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In this article, let us see how to make a generic script, which has the capability to activate the feature in three scopes. In the previous article, we saw only with the SiteCollection and WebApplication. I thought of making it a more generic and will be helpful across all the projects.

Now the CSV will be looks like below.

Based on the Scope column, the next column needs to be filled.

i.e., if the Scope is Site, then Give the SiteCollectionURL etc.,

Now, the script :-

 $LogTime = Get-Date -Format yyyy-MM-dd_hh-mm
 $LogFile = ".\FeatureActivation-$LogTime.rtf"
 
 
 cls
 
 
 ##================================================================================================
 ## Description	: Feature Activation Demo - 
 ## Author		: Sathish Nadarajan
 ## Date			: 23-Dec-2014
 ##================================================================================================
 
 
  
 $Host.UI.RawUI.WindowTitle = "-- Feature Activation Demo --"
 
 $StartDate = Get-Date
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "------------------------------------"
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "| Feature Activation Demo |"
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "| Started on: $StartDate |"
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "------------------------------------"
 
 
 
 #start-transcript $logfile
 
 $ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"
 
  
 ########################################################### Set the Exxecution Path #########################################
 
 $scriptBase = split-path $SCRIPT:MyInvocation.MyCommand.Path -parent
 Set-Location $scriptBase
 
 
 function AddPowerShellSnapin()
 {
     try
     {
         Write-Host "Adding PowerShell Snap-in" -ForegroundColor Green
         # Try to get the PowerShell Snappin.  If not, then adding the PowerShell snappin on the Catch Block
         Get-PSSnapin "Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell" 
     }
     catch
     {
         if($Error[0].Exception.Message.Contains("No Windows PowerShell snap-ins matching the pattern 'Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell' were found"))
         {
             Add-PSSnapin "Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell"
         }
     }
     Write-Host "Finished Adding PowerShell Snap-in" -ForegroundColor Green
 }
 
 function ActivateFeatureInSiteCollectionScope($DisplayName, $siteurl)
 {
     Write-Host "Activating Feature :- " $DisplayName " -: In Site Collection " $siteurl
     $TempCount = (Get-SPSite  $siteurl | %{ Get-SPFeature -Site $_ } | Where-Object {$_.DisplayName -eq $DisplayName} ).Count
     if($TempCount -eq 0)
     {
         # if not, Enable the Feature.
         Get-SPFeature  $DisplayName | Enable-SPFeature -Url  $siteurl 
     }            
     else
     {
         # If already Activated, then De-Activate and Activate Again.
         Disable-SPFeature $DisplayName -Url $siteurl  –Confirm:$false
         Get-SPFeature  $DisplayName | Enable-SPFeature -Url  $siteurl 
     }
 }
 
 function ActivateFeatureInWebApplicationScope($DisplayName, $webApplicationUrl)
 {
         
     Write-Host "Activating Feature :- " $DisplayName " -: In Web Application " $webApplicationUrl
     $TempCount = (Get-SPWebApplication $webApplicationUrl | %{ Get-SPFeature -WebApplication $_ } | Where-Object {$_.DisplayName -eq $DisplayName} ).Count
     if($TempCount -eq 0)
     {
         # if not, Enable the Feature.
         Get-SPFeature  $DisplayName | Enable-SPFeature -Url $webApplicationUrl 
     }            
     else
     {
         # If already Activated, then De-Activate and Activate Again.
         Disable-SPFeature $DisplayName -Url $webApplicationUrl  –Confirm:$false
         Get-SPFeature  $DisplayName | Enable-SPFeature -Url  $webApplicationUrl 
     }
 }
 
 function ActivateFeatureInWebScope($DisplayName, $webUrl)
 {
     Write-Host "Activating Feature :- " $DisplayName " -: In Sub Site " $webUrl
     $TempCount = (Get-SPWeb  $webUrl | %{ Get-SPFeature -Web $_ } | Where-Object {$_.DisplayName -eq $DisplayName} ).Count
     if($TempCount -eq 0)
     {
         # if not, Enable the Feature.
         Get-SPFeature  $DisplayName | Enable-SPFeature -Url  $webUrl 
     }            
     else
     {
         # If already Activated, then De-Activate and Activate Again.
         Disable-SPFeature $DisplayName -Url $webUrl  –Confirm:$false
         Get-SPFeature  $DisplayName | Enable-SPFeature -Url  $webUrl 
     }
 }
 
 try
 {
    
     AddPowerShellSnapin
     
 
     $FeatureActivationDetailsCSV = $scriptBase + "\" + "FeatureActivationDetails.csv"
 
     import-csv $FeatureActivationDetailsCSV | where {
         if($_.Scope -eq "Site")
         {
             ActivateFeatureInSiteCollectionScope $_.FeatureDisplayName $_.SiteCollectionURL
         }
         elseif($_.Scope -eq "WebApplication")
         {
             ActivateFeatureInWebApplicationScope $_.FeatureDisplayName $_.WebApplicationURL
         }
         elseif($_.Scope -eq "Web")
         {
             ActivateFeatureInWebScope $_.FeatureDisplayName $_.WebURL
         }
     }
 
     Write-Host "Script Execution Completed Successfully" -ForegroundColor Green 
 }
 catch
 {
     Write-Host "Custom Exception Happened on Main : " + $Error[0].Exception.Message -ForegroundColor Red  
 }
 
 
 
  #Stop-Transcript 
 

 

 

Download HERE

Happy Coding.

Sathish Nadarajan.

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