How to publish the Content Types in SharePoint 2013 by PowerShell


Sathish Nadarajan
SharePoint MVP
Published On :   12 Jan 2015
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In one of the Article, We saw how to use the Content Type Hub in SharePoint 2013. In that, we saw a manual step to publish the Content Type, so that, it can be used by other WebApplications/Site Collection. In some scenario, there might be frequent changes on the Content Type, during the development process or even for the packaging, it will not be nice to write these manual steps on the Deployment Guide. Instead, these things were done by the PowerShell Script.

Now the sequence of activity is as follows.

1. Publish the Content Types

2. Run the Content Type Hub Timer

3. Run the Content Type Subscriber Timer Jobs – Every web application whichever required.

Now the script is as follows.

 $LogTime = Get-Date -Format yyyy-MM-dd_hh-mm
 $LogFile = ".\PublishCTHub-$LogTime.rtf"
 
 
 cls
 
 
 ##================================================================================================
 ## Description	: This script is used to Publish the Content types and run the subscriber timer jobs.
 ## Author		: Sathish Nadarajan
 ## Date			: 10-Dec-2014
 ##================================================================================================
 
 
  
 $Host.UI.RawUI.WindowTitle = "-- Publish Content types --"
 
 $StartDate = Get-Date
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "------------------------------------"
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "| Publish Content Types |"
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "| Started on: $StartDate |"
 Write-Host -ForegroundColor White "------------------------------------"
 
 
 
 #start-transcript $logfile
 
 $ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"
 ######################### Add SharePoint PowerShell Snapin ###############################################
 
 if ( (Get-PSSnapin -Name Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue) -eq $null ) 
 {
     Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.Powershell
 }
 
 ########################### End of Add SharePoint PowerShell Snapin ##################################
 
 ######################## Set Execution Path ################################################
 
 $scriptBase = split-path $SCRIPT:MyInvocation.MyCommand.Path -parent
 Set-Location $scriptBase
 
 
 function Publish-ContentTypeHub 
 {
      param
      (
          [parameter(mandatory=$true)][string]$CTHUrl,
          [parameter(mandatory=$true)][string]$Group  
      )
        $site = Get-SPSite $CTHUrl
        if(!($site -eq $null))
      {   #write-host "Republishing Content type" $Group " to make the changes effective" -foregroundcolor Magenta
          $contentTypePublisher = New-Object Microsoft.SharePoint.Taxonomy.ContentTypeSync.ContentTypePublisher($site)
          $site.RootWeb.ContentTypes | ? {$_.Group -match $Group} | % {
          $contentTypePublisher.Publish($_)
          #write-host "Content type" $Group "has been republished successfully ....... Done !" -foregroundcolor Green
         }
      }
 }
 
 
 function StartContentTypeHubTimerJob
 {     
     $job = Get-SPTimerJob | ?{$_.Name -match "MetadataHubTimerJob"}
     if($job -ne $null  )
     {
         $startet = $job.LastRunTime
         Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow -NoNewLine "Running"$job.DisplayName"Timer Job."
         Start-SPTimerJob $job
         while (($startet) -eq $job.LastRunTime)
         {
             Write-Host -NoNewLine -ForegroundColor Yellow "."
             Start-Sleep -Seconds 2
         }
         $lastrun = $job.historyentries | select-object -first 1
 
         if($lastrun.status -eq "Succeeded")
         {
             Write-Host -ForegroundColor Green $job.DisplayName"Timer Job has completed.";
         }
 
         else 
         {
             Write-Host -ForegroundColor red $job.DisplayName"Timer Job has Failed. Please take necessary actions and rerun the timer jobs";
             exit
         }
 
     }
 }
 
 
 function StartTimerJob([string]$WebAppUrl) 
 {
     $wa = Get-SPWebApplication $WebAppUrl
     write-host "Starting content type subscriber timer job for the web application " $wa.name -fore yellow
     $Job = Get-SPTimerJob -WebApplication $wa | ?{ $_.Name -like "MetadataSubscriberTimerJob"}
     if($job -ne $null  )
     {
         $startet = $job.LastRunTime
         Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow -NoNewLine "Running"$job.DisplayName"Timer Job."
         Start-SPTimerJob $job
         while (($startet) -eq $job.LastRunTime)
         {
             Write-Host -NoNewLine -ForegroundColor Yellow "."
             Start-Sleep -Seconds 2
         }
         $lastrun = $job.historyentries | select-object -first 1
 
         if($lastrun.status -eq "Succeeded")
         {
             Write-Host -ForegroundColor Green $job.DisplayName"Timer Job has completed.";
         }
 
         else 
         {
             Write-Host -ForegroundColor red $job.DisplayName"Timer Job has Failed.";
         }
 
     }
 }
 
 
 
 
 
 #################Republishing Content type#######################################################
 
 write-host "Republishing associated content types" -fore yellow
 
 $RepublishContentTypeCSV = $scriptBase + "\" + "07.PublishCTHub.RepublishContentType.csv"
 
 import-csv $RepublishContentTypeCSV | where {
     Publish-ContentTypeHub $_.SiteUrl $_.ContentTypeGroupName
 }
 
 write-host "Associated content types republished successfully......... Done !" -fore green
 write-host "loading............." -fore Magenta
 sleep(10)
 
 ############################## Start Content type hub timer job##############
 
 StartContentTypeHubTimerJob
 
 ############################### Start Content Subscription Timer Jobs for Each WEbApplications #####################
 
 $WebApplicationDetailsCSV = $scriptBase + "\" + "07.PublishCTHub.WebApplicationDetails.csv"
 
 import-csv $WebApplicationDetailsCSV | where {
     write-host "loading............." -fore Magenta
     StartTimerJob $_.WebAppUrl
 }
 
 #Stop-Transcript 
 

The script is self explanatory.

Download the Script HERE

Happy Coding.

Sathish Nadarajan.

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